Pedagogy Readings

Learner-Centered Instruction and Constructivism

Intrinsic Motivation

Movement and Learning

Multi-aged Classroom Resources

Muti-age learning levels: Creates a broader span of development goals and therefore allows a learner to accelerate learning or take more time to master a concept;  allows for opportunity to teach to younger students as a means of assessing mastery of a concept

Adult to Student Ratio

Low instructor to student ratio: Low learning facilitator to student ratio provides for more one-to-one mentoring and facilitating resulting in increased levels of one-on-one instruction positively impacting learning and engagement, and improving opportunities to identify issues, concerns or problems.

Project Based Curriculum Resources

Project-based learning: Allows for more natural, fluid understanding of material; allows for building skills regarding managing projects; allows for measuring outcomes

Inquiry-Based Curriculum Resources

Collaboration/Cooperative Learning Resources/ Non-competitive learning environment

Emphasizing collaboration: Children learn more from other children than by working alone 100% of the time; students learn about the process of effectively working with others; students see how quality of ideas and outcomes are impacted by a group approach; students learn about themselves in reflecting how they work in groups

Research indicates that learning at deep levels does not occur in the presence of competition; learning needs to be cultivated by intrinsic motivators, not extrinsic rewards

Community Integration

Linking learning with real-world projects, outcomes and people enhances learning at deep levels; students learn from multiple sources and are exposed to various ideas; hands-on learning results in engaged students; being in the community demonstrates that learning occurs everywhere, all the time, not just at school

Differentiated Instruction

Allows for each learner to create their own path of achievement; they are not hindered by the rate of their peers, whether faster or slower, or how the learning takes place. Differentiated instruction will allow each learner to create a unique path of academic progress unhindered by the rate of learning of their peers

Instructional Scaffolding

Learning Styles

Emphasizing learning styles: Operating from a student’s natural inclination to learn in a way that reflects their learning preference allows for less frustration and more natural and efficient learning; students allowed to use their preferred learning style stay engaged for longer periods and experience more interest in their subject.

Additional Resources

Progressive Education Resources

  • Robinson, K. (2009) The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything (with Lou Aronica). Viking.
    • The Element is the point at which natural talent meets personal passion. When people arrive at the Element, they feel most themselves, most inspired and achieve at their highest levels. With a wry sense of humor, and drawing on the stories of a wide range of artists, scientists, athletes, business leaders, academics, and many others, Ken Robinson shows why finding your Element is essential for all of us and explores the conditions that lead us to live lives that are filled with passion, confidence, and personal achievement.